Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity


Issue №: 2 (64)

Published: 2023.08.23
DOI: 10.37128/2411-4413-2023-2

The journal deals with the issues of efficiency of functioning of the national economics and organizational forms of management of the national economy. Attention is paid to the problems of marketing, management and efficiency of production and economic activity of agrarian enterprises. The issues of public administration and administration, accounting and taxation, banking and insurance, forecasting and modeling of economic processes, foreign economic activity, commodity flows of economic entities and their infrastructure support.

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DOI: 10.37128/2411-4413-2023-2-3
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TOKARCHUK Dina – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of the Administrative Management and Alternative Energy Resources, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3, Soniachna Str., е-mail: tokarchyk_dina@ukr.net).

TOMLІAK Taisa – Doctor of Philosophy in Law (PhD), Associate Professor of the Department of Law, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3, Soniachna Str., e-mail: tomlak.taya@gmail.com).


The article is devoted to the review of waste management in the EU countries and the study of the practices of their energy use. The amount and sources of waste generation in the EU countries and the current trends in its management are analyzed. Special attention is paid to the analysis of production and collection of organic (food) waste by the population; evaluated the top 5 best European models of their collection (open container; door-to-door collection; open container on the street, accessible only to owners; collection of household waste divided into two streams «wet/dry»; composting directly on the territory of their generation). The door-to-door model has shown the highest efficiency when implemented by the households in most European countries in most cases. Two main directions of organic waste management were analyzed: composting and anaerobic fermentation with biogas production. These directions of waste use correspond to the principles of the circular economy and help to use the available potential of waste. Anaerobic digestion of waste is preferred to the composting because it produces both energy resources (biogas, which can be purified to biomethane and also converted into electrical and thermal energy) and biofertilizers (digestate). The experience of individual European countries in the energy use of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (hereinafter referred to as MSW) is presented. It is substantiated that the use of waste of various origins (households, enterprises, municipal wastewater, etc.) for the production of biogas is actively developing in European countries; both the number of manufacturing enterprises and their production capacities are growing. A trend towards an increase in the production of biomethane – purified biogas, which has a wider application then biogas – has been noted. The production of biomethane and biogas in relation to the total gas consumption in the sixteen largest European countries is analyzed, the largest percentage of substitution as of 2021 is noted in Denmark – 5% of natural gas was replaced by biogas, 19% – by biomethane. It has been confirmed that European countries are intensifying the production of energy carriers from waste in order to reduce dependence on buying natural gas from russia. An increase in energy independence on russian energy resources is expected to accelerate as a reaction to hostilities in Ukraine.

Keywords: waste, organic waste, waste management, composting, anaerobic digestion, biogas, biomethane, digestate.

List of references

1. Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives. eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32008L0098 [in English].

2. Manfredi, S., Cristobal Garcia, J., Torres De Matos, C., Giavini, M., Vasta, A., Sala, S., et al (2015). Improving sustainability and circularity of European food waste management with a life cycle approach. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg [in English].

3. Honcharuk, I. (2020). Use of Wastes of the Livestock Industry as a Possibility for Increasing the Efficiency of AIC and Replenishing the Energy Balance. Visegrad Journal on Bioeconomy and Sustainable Development, 9 (1), 9 14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/vjbsd 2020 0002 [in English].

4. Pryshliak, N.V., Tokarchuk, D.M., & Palamarenko, Ya.V. (2021). Peredumovy ta orhanizatsiino ekonomichnyi mekhanizm formuvannia ta realizatsii stratehii povodzhennia z vidkhodamy ahrarnykh pidpryiemstv [Prerequisites and organizational and economic mechanism of formation and implementation of waste management strategy of agricultural enterprises]. Ekonomika ta derzhava Economy and the state, 3, 104 117. DOI: 10.32702/2306 6806.2021.3.104 [in Ukrainian].

5. Kaletnik, H.M., Zdyrko, N.H., & Fabiianska, V.Yu. (2018). Biohaz v domohospodarstvakh zaporuka enerhonezalezhnosti silskykh terytorii [Biogas in households is the key to energy independence of rural areas]. Ekonomika, finansy, menedzhment: aktualni pytannia nauky i praktyky Economy, finances, management: topical issues of science and practical activity, 8 (36), 7 22 [in Ukrainian].

6. Waste management in the EU: infographic with facts and figures. 2023. europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved from: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/headlines/society/20180328STO00751/waste management in the eu infographic with facts and figures [in English].

7. The waste recycling and management market in 2022. ecostar.eu.com. Retrieved from: https ecostar eu com waste recycling management industry how well did 2022 go [in English].

8. Plastics the Facts 2022. plasticseurope.org. Retrieved from: https://plasticseurope.org/wp content/uploads/2022/10/PE PLASTICS THE FACTS_V7 Tue_19 10 1.pdf [in English].

9. Circular economy European Parlamentary Research Servise. europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved from: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/thinktank/infographics/circulareconomy/public/index.html [in English].

10. Melnyk, O. S. (2020). Pererobka ta utylizatsiia pobutovykh vidkhodiv: yevropeiski praktyky dlia Ukrainy [Processing and disposal of household waste: European practices for Ukraine]. repo.snau.edu.ua. Retrieved from: https repo snau edu ua bitstream/123456789/8058/ D0%9 9C D0% B5% D0% BBD1%8 8C D0% BD D0% B8% D0% BA pdf [in Ukrainian].

11. Voitsikhovska, A., Kravchenko, O., Melen Zabramna, O., & Pankevych, M. (2019). Krashchi yevropeiski praktyky upravlinnia vidkhodamy [Best European waste management practices]. Lviv: Vydavnytstvo «Kompaniia «Manuskrypt»» [in Ukrainian].

12. Tokarchuk, D.M. (2021). Yevropeiskyi dosvid efektyvnoho vykorystannia biovidkhodiv [European experience of effective use of bio waste]. Ekolohichno druzhni tekhnolohichni rishennia dlia mistsevykh hromad shchodo povodzhennia z vidkhodamy Environmentally friendly technological solutions for local communities in waste management: Proceedings of the National Forum «Waste Management in Ukraine: Legislation, Economy, Technologies» (рр. 129 134). Kyiv: Tsentr ekolohichnoi osvity ta informatsii [in Ukrainian].

13. Bio waste in Europe turning challenges into opportunities (2020). EEA Report, 04. Retrieved from: https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/bio waste in europe [in English].

14. Calderón, C., Geelen, J., Jossart, M., & Decorte, M. (2022). Report Biogas. Bioenergy Europe Statistical Report. Retrieved from: https://www.europeanbiogas.eu/wpcontent/uploads/2022/07/SR22_Biogas_Fullversion.pdf [in English].

15. EBA Statistical Report 2022. European Biogas Asocciation (2023). europeanbiogas.eu. Retrieved from: https www europeanbiogas eu SR 2022/ EBA [in English].

16. Tsiny na haz u Yevropi vpaly do 16 misiachnoho minimum [Gas prices in Europe fell to a 16 month low]. ukrinform.ua. Retrieved from: https://www.ukrinform.ua/rubric economy/3653551 cini na gaz u evropi vpali do16misacnogo minimumu.html [in English].

17. Ofitsiinyi sait Derzhavnoi sluzhby statystyky Ukrainy [Official website of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. ukrstat.gov.ua. Retrieved from: https://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].

18. Heletukha, H., Kucheruk, P., & Matvieiev, Yu. (2022). Perspektyvy vyrobnytstva biometanu v Ukraini [Prospects of biomethane production in Ukraine]. Analitychna zapyska BAU Analytical note of BAU, 29. Retrieved from: https://uabio.org/wp content/uploads/2022/09/UA Position paper UABIO 29.pdf [in Ukrainian].

19. V Ukraini za rik stvoryly umovy dlia rozvytku vyrobnytstva biometanu Derzhenerhoefektyvnosti [In Ukraine, the conditions for the development of biomethane production were created during the year the State Energy Efficiency Agency]. ecopolitic.com.ua. Retrieved from: https://ecopolitic.com.ua/ua/news/v

ukraini za rik stvorili umovi dlya rozvitku virobnictva biometanu/ [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

051 Economics

071 Accounting and taxation

072 Finance, banking and insurance

073 Management

075 Marketing

076 Business, trade and exchange activities

241 Hotel, restaurant and catering 

281 Public administration


Key information:
ISSN (print): 2411-4413
DOI: 10.37128

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” is included in the "List of Scientific Professional Editions of Ukraine". 

The scientific edition is assigned the Category "Б" in the field of economics in specialties 051, 071, 072, 073, 075, 076, 241, 281

(Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 249, March 17, 2020).

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” is indexed in such database as Index Copernicus Value (https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/form)


The editorial board of the journal is guided by the principles of scientific, objectivity, professionalism, informational support of the most significant innovative researches, observance of standards of publishing ethics.

The purpose of the journal "Economics, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity» is the coverage of leading scientific ideas in the economic, financial and management activities of the sectors of the national economy and the involvement of representatives of the domestic and foreign scientific professional community.


Objectives of the journal:

  • publication of research findings on innovation in the economy, financial and management spheres, innovation of production processes;
  • expanding partnerships with international scientific publishing organizations;
  • enhancing the culture of reviewing and annotating published material;
  • adherence to editorial ethics.


Article publishing is a paid service. Cost for printing in professional publications in accordance with the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 27, 2010 No. 796 "On approval of the list of paid services that can be provided by state educational institutions, other institutions of the educational system belonging to state and communal ownership" and the order Rector of the Higher Education University Mazura VA dated March 14, 2018 No. 93 “On setting the cost of printing in professional editions of the University”.

The cost of printing one page in professional editions of the university is 60 UAH.

An additional copy of the magazine with the mailing list costs 250 UAH.

Recipient: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University MFO 820172 Current account No. 31256282102055 Code 00497236 Bank State Treasury Service of Ukraine, Kyiv. VAT payer code 004972302286. Registration number 100271744. Purpose of payment: for printing an article in the journal: ”Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity "

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the name "Bulletin of the Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute". In 2010-2014 he was published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University”.

From 2015 ”Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity” (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21154-10954 of PR as of December 31, 2014)

The journal is the successor to the edition ”Collection of Scientific Papers of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Economic Sciences. "