ACCOUNTING PROCEDURES FOR REORGANIZATION OF BANKING INSTITUTIONS
GUDZENKO Nataliya – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Accounting and Taxation in the Fields of the economy, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Soniachna str., еmail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
KOVAL Natalia – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Accounting and Taxation in the Fields of the Economy, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Soniachna str., е-mail: Natkov@i.ua).
KORPANIUK Tetiana – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Accounting and Taxation in the Fields of the Economy, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008 Vinnytsia, 3 Soniachna str., email: email@example.com).
The domestic banking sector should become one of the main driving forces of the structural reorganization of the industrial and agricultural sectors. To implement this objective, it is necessary to develop a powerful banking system based on stable banking institutions. In such conditions, the ability to manage the financial stability of banking institutions, identify signs of instability and bankruptcy in a timely manner, and, if possible, try to neutralize or eliminate them is of great significance. The necessity of implement measures aimed to stabilize the banking system in conditions of the instability of the external environment is substantiated.
Peculiarities of the reorganization of banking institutions as one of the effective measures intended to avoid bankruptcy and to stabilize the financial situation are revealed, attention is paid to the need to improve the solvency of domestic banks in the conditions of economic and political instability, as well as the global financial crisis. On the basis of statistical data, the analysis of the reasons for the reorganization and termination of the activity of banking institutions is carried out, the domestic banking market and the world tendencies are compared. According to the analysis of the unsatisfactory quality of banking assets, there have been identified 8 types of inadequate practices for portfolio management of loans and investments in bankrupt foreign banks, including liberalism in providing loans, significant shortcomings in financial reporting, excessive lending, incomplete documentation in the field of taxation.
According to the results of the study, the possibilities of reorganization of the banking institution and termination of activity are summarized. In particular, preconditions for reorganization, purpose, and methodological principles of reorganization of commercial banks are highlighted. By its content, the form of reorganization can be unifying, distributive and reorganization can be performed through transformation. Unifying forms include mergers and acquisitions. The procedure of reorganization is complicated by the mechanism for implementation and reflection in accounting and depends on what conditions it will be implemented (what status will be obtained by the future financial and credit institution). In practice, there arises a problem of the complexity of combining the balances on the accounts of the legal predecessor and successor. To solve the problem, it is proposed to add additional records into the accounting registers and new subaccounts and analytical accounts for the accounting of assets and liabilities.
The types of bankruptcy are characterized according to the classification criteria and their classification is specified in various aspects (legal, control, accounting) taking into account the requirements of accounting, analysis and preparation of the corresponding reporting. The legal aspect covers all proposed types of bankruptcy, since any type of bankruptcy concerns the rights and interests of legal entities and individuals. However, not all types of bankruptcy are inherent in the control or accounting aspects.
The article substantiates the list of accounting objects for various types of reorganization (merger, transformation), since the procedure of reorganization includes transactions for the registration of successor companies); the attention is focused on the problems of displaying in the accounting of claim settlements and the need for their analytical detailing, which expands information capabilities of the register of creditors’ claims, increases the transparency of information for external users and reduces the risk of non-payment.
A promising direction is the improvement of organization of management accounting using the system approach, so that accounting support for the process of reorganization should be considered together with the formation of the appropriate methodology, effective management and modern information technology. The accounting policy should ensure the possibility of formation of the accounting information for the forecast of risks and possible bankruptcy of the commercial bank.
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071 Accounting and taxation
072 Finance, banking and insurance
076 Business, trade and exchange activities
241 Hotel, restaurant and catering
281 Public administration
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