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Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 3 (53)

Published: 2020.10.05
DOI: 10.37128/2411-4413-2020-3


Description:
The journal deals with the issues of efficiency of functioning of the national economics and organizational forms of management of the national economy. Attention is paid to the problems of marketing, management and efficiency of production and economic activity of agrarian enterprises. The issues of public administration and administration, accounting and taxation, banking and insurance, forecasting and modeling of economic processes, foreign economic activity, commodity flows of economic entities and their infrastructure support.

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CONCEPTUAL APPARATUS OF THE CATEGORY OF AGRICULTURAL WASTE, THEIR CLASSIFICATION AND PROSPECTS OF FURTHER USE FOR BIOENERGY PRODUCTION

DOI: 10.37128/2411-4413-2020-3-2
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HONCHARUK Inna – PhD in Economics, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Soniachna st, e-mail: vnaunauka2020@gmail.com).

 

VOVK Valeria – graduate student of the first year of study of the Department of Economics, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Soniachna st, e-mail: vvovk_2703@ukr.net).

 

Annotation

The article examines the interpretation of the concept of «waste» in European and domestic regulatory documents and reveals the absence of an environmental component in the definitions, which today is an extremely important aspect of any kind of activity. Attention is paid to an important group of waste - agricultural waste, which simultaneously have the most negative impact on the environment and can be used as a secondary raw material to support the activities of other industries. Attention is paid to an important group of waste - agricultural waste, which simultaneously have the most negative impact on the environment and can be used as a secondary raw material to support the activities of other industries. A list of European and domestic regulatory documents that partially regulate various aspects of agricultural waste management is provided, and the lack of both in regulatory documents and among scientific approaches to determining the essence of agricultural waste is provided, in this regard, the author's understanding is presented of this category of waste. Also, a comparison was made between the classification of agricultural waste in accordance with the State Waste Classifier of Ukraine DK 005-96 with the classification of the corresponding waste group given in the European Waste Catalog.

Analyzed the volumes of waste generation in Ukraine by type of economic activity in 2019. The structure of emissions from the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine has been studied and it is indicated that the largest environmental pollutants are animal waste (animal manure and bird droppings), but today there are ways of converting such waste into biofuels, namely biogas. The implementation of the process of processing animal waste (animal manure and bird droppings, which are by-products of production and which do not need to be grown additionally) into biogas, will provide not only the environmental component of waste management - reducing greenhouse gas emissions, but also provide additional economic benefits.

This study found that the processing of animal waste, with the formation of biogas, will partially solve environmental problems, as well as gain advantages in the form of decentralized production of renewable energy or fuel production for the formation of energy independence of the agricultural sector of Ukraine and the state as a whole.

Keywords: energy independence, agro-industrial complex, agricultural waste, animal husbandry, biofuel, biogas, environmental safety.

List of references

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21.  Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32000L0060 [in English].

22.  Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri= celex%3A31999L0031 [in English].

23.  Consolidated text: Council Directive of 12 December 1991 concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources (91/676/EEC). Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content /EN/TXT/?qid=1561542776070&uri=CELEX:01991L0676-20081211 [in English].

24.  Council Directive 86/278/EEC of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture. Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa. eu/legal-content/ EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A31986L0278 [in English].

 

25.  Regulation (EC) No 1069/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 laying down health rules as regards animal by-products and derived products not intended for human consumption and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1774/2002 (Animal by-products Regulation). Retrieved from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32009R1069 [in English].

 

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

051 Economics

071 Accounting and taxation

072 Finance, banking and insurance

073 Management

075 Marketing

076 Business, trade and exchange activities

241 Hotel, restaurant and catering 

281 Public administration

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2411-4413
DOI: 10.37128

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” is included in the "List of Scientific Professional Editions of Ukraine". 

The scientific edition is assigned the Category "Б" in the field of economics in specialties 051, 071, 072, 073, 075, 076, 241, 281

(Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 249, March 17, 2020).

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” is indexed in such database as Index Copernicus Value (https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/form)

 

The editorial board of the journal is guided by the principles of scientific, objectivity, professionalism, informational support of the most significant innovative researches, observance of standards of publishing ethics.

The purpose of the journal "Economics, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity» is the coverage of leading scientific ideas in the economic, financial and management activities of the sectors of the national economy and the involvement of representatives of the domestic and foreign scientific professional community.

 

Objectives of the journal:

  • publication of research findings on innovation in the economy, financial and management spheres, innovation of production processes;
  • expanding partnerships with international scientific publishing organizations;
  • enhancing the culture of reviewing and annotating published material;
  • adherence to editorial ethics.

 

Article publishing is a paid service. Cost for printing in professional publications in accordance with the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 27, 2010 No. 796 "On approval of the list of paid services that can be provided by state educational institutions, other institutions of the educational system belonging to state and communal ownership" and the order Rector of the Higher Education University Mazura VA dated March 14, 2018 No. 93 “On setting the cost of printing in professional editions of the University”.

The cost of printing one page in professional editions of the university is 60 UAH.

An additional copy of the magazine with the mailing list costs 250 UAH.

Recipient: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University MFO 820172 Current account No. 31256282102055 Code 00497236 Bank State Treasury Service of Ukraine, Kyiv. VAT payer code 004972302286. Registration number 100271744. Purpose of payment: for printing an article in the journal: ”Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity "

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the name "Bulletin of the Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute". In 2010-2014 he was published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University”.

From 2015 ”Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity” (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21154-10954 of PR as of December 31, 2014)

The journal is the successor to the edition ”Collection of Scientific Papers of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Economic Sciences. "