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Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity

space SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS OF VINNITSA NATIONAL AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

Issue №: 7 (35)

Published: 2019.02.01
DOI: XX.XXXXX/XXXXXXXXXXXXX


Description:
The magazine deals with the problems of the agricultural sector of the economy in the context of integration and processes of globalization. Attention is paid to the issues of development of digital economy, rural territories, technologies of enterprise management and organization of accounting, problems of legal support of economic processes, market tendencies of development of various branches of economy. Particular attention is paid to green tourism as a promising segment of the national economy.

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EFFICIENCY OF FOOD PRODUCTION OF THE HOUSEHOLDS IN THE SYSTEM OF AGROINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

DOI: XX.XXXXX/XXXXXXXXXXXXX
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MAZUR  Anatoliy  –  Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor of the Department 

of Agrarian Management, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3, 

Soniachna Str., e-mail: kaf.agr.men.@qmail.com).

SHEPEL Tetyana – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Lviv 

Polytechnic National University (79000, Lviv, Stepan Bandera Str., 12, e-mail: 

tanya.vuda@qmail.com).

DMYTRYK Oleh  –  Lecturer of the Department of Agrarian Management, 

Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3, Soniachna Str., e-mail: 

kaf.agr.men.@qmail.com).

Annotation

The article deals  with the urgent issues of searching for new approaches to assessment 

of the efficiency of operation of private households (PH) as one of the organizational forms of 

agricultural production. The volumes of production and the range of PH food products are not 

subjected to statistical reporting and they are determined on the basis of selective restrictions, 

although such indicators are included in the total volume of marketable food products. In 

general, calculations of agricultural expenditures for private households in comparison with 

the received income ensure their high level of payback. At the same time, the profitability level 

within the limits of 50% allows to implement the extended economic reproduction of the 

industrial practice. Characteristics of labour means of PH show that they use mostly manual 

labour and achieve positive results due to its non-standardized use. As the practice shows, the 

increase in the land resources due to the joining of the individual land shares and land shares 

of relatives necessitates purchasing of the means for mechanization of production processes. 

Over the last three years, the number of mini-tractors and motor blocks has increased by 30% 

in the private households.

The results of groupings of availability of the agricultural machinery show the 

dependence of its purchasing on the concentration of rural population: a significant 

increase in small villages as compared to large settlements.

The structure of PH expenses also depends on the type of products that a household 

produces. In particular, services occupy an important share (about 50%) in the structure 

of expenses for crop production. The largest share in the structure of expenses, namely 

“Services”, is occupied by labour payment. At the same time, the analysis shows a decrease 

in the use of hired workers at the farms that use land area under 0.5 hectares and an 

increase in hiring workers at the farms with the land area of 1 hectare or more.

The largest share in the structure of expenses for livestock farming is occupied  by 

feeds (up to 62%), but there is some differentiation: feed costs per 1 centner of milk tend to 

decrease, while the cost of livestock maintenance tends to increase.

Positive dynamics of indicators of PH development does not mean that the 

production provided by them is more effective compared to other market participants. A 

questionnaire survey of 189 farms of Vinnytsia region has showed that the main problems 

of the PH operation were caused by several reasons of feed supply (for 49% of 

respondents); lack of production means, high cost of agricultural machinery, spare parts, 

fuel and lubricants (39%); weak material and technical base (16.7%).

In general, the production cost of the main types of agricultural products in the PH 

is rather high, which challenges the competitiveness of this form of management both in the 

domestic and foreign markets. However, it should be noted that the agricultural production 

in the households is consumer-oriented, i.e. its key objective is to meet the needs of its 

members under the low level of cash incomes of the rural population. At the same time, a 

private household should be considered as a kind of a barrier that restrains the overall 

agricultural production and maintains a certain level of food security in Ukraine.

In particular, the important direction of this study should be considered the gradual 

use by private farms of small means of mechanization detailed analysis of entrepreneurial

income in the production and sale of a range of crop production, the determination of the 

proportion of feed and services in the structure of the costs of crop production and livestock 

production and reserves of production growth in these branches of agribusiness. 

Keywords: efficiency, methodical approaches, indicators, production, personal peasant farms, plant growing, animal husbandry, costs, services, survey.

List of references

1. Borodina O.M. and Prokopa I.V. (2010) Teoriia, polityka ta praktyka ta praktyka 

silskoho rozytku  [Theory, policy and practice of rural development].  Kyiv. 376  p.

[in Ukrainian].

2.  Diiesperov, V.S.  (2014). Silski terytorii yak obiekty orhanizatsii ekonomichnoi 

diialnosti  [Rural  areas as objects of organization of economic activity].  Ekonomika APK. 

Vol. 5. Pp. 56-64 [in Ukrainian].

3.  Zbarskyi, V.K. (2004). Osobysti selianski hospodarstva v stanovlenni malykh 

form hospodariuvannia  [Personal peasant farms in the formation of small  forms of 

management]. Ekonomika APK. Vol 1. Pp. 48-53 [in Ukrainian].

4.  Kyrylenko,  I.H.  (2016)  Strukturni reformy na seli: svitovyi dosvid, ukrainski 

realii  [Structural reforms in the countryside: world experience, Ukrainian realities]. 

Ekonomika APK. Vol. 2. Pp. 5-11 [in Ukrainian].

5.  Kaletnik, H.M., Shpykuliak, O.H.  and  Pchelianska H.O. (2012) Instytuty 

infrastruktury ta tsinoutvorennia u rozvytku ahrarnoho rynku: rehionalnyi aspekt: 

monohraf. [Infrastructure and pricing institutes in the development of the agrarian market: 

the regional aspect: monographs]. Vinnytsia: TOV “Firma “Planer” [in Ukrainian].

6.  Mazur, A.H.  and  Mazur, S.A. (2016). Aktualni problemy rozvytku 

ahropromyslovoho vyrobnytstva v umovakh systemnykh transformatsiinykh zmin  [Actual 

problems of development of agro-industrial production in conditions of system 

transformational changes].  International  Scientifie  Pactical  Conference  Formationo

Modern  Ecjnomic  Area:  Benefits, Risks  Implementation  Vechanisms: Contference

Pvoceldings. Tbilisi. Pp. 153-157 [in Ukrainian].

7.  Malik, M.Y. (2016). Pidpryiemstvo i rozvytok silskykh terytorii  [Enterprise and 

rural development]. Ekonomika APK. Vol. 6. Pp. 97-103 [in Ukrainian].

8.  Mеsel-Veseliak, V.Ya  (1999). Napriamy reformuvannia ahropromyslovoho 

vyrobnytstva v Ukraini  [Areas of reforming agro-industrial production in Ukraine]. 

Ekonomika APK. Vol. 1. Pp. 36-40 [in Ukrainian].

9.  Onyshchenko, O.M.  (2003).  Osobysti selianski hospodarstva u poreformenomu 

rozvytku ahrarnoho sektora [Personal peasant farms in the post-reform development of the 

agrarian sector]. Ekonomika Ukrainy ‒ Ukraine economy. Vol. 6. Pp. 57-69 [in Ukrainian].

10.  Riabokon, V. P.  and  Rarok L. A. (2016).  Rozvytok sotsialnoi infrastruktury 

silskykh terytorii  [Development of social infrastructure of rural areas].  Ekonomika APK. 

Vol. 4. Pp. 56-65 [in Ukrainian].

11.  Pavlov, O.I.  (2006).  Silski terytorii Ukrainy: istorychna transformatsiia 

paradyhmy upravlinnia  [Rural areas  of Ukraine: historical transformation of the 

management paradigm]. Odesa. Astroprynt [in Ukrainian].

12.  Svynous, I.V. (2010). Ekonomichni aspekty funktsionuvannia osobystykh 

selianskykh hospodarstv: monohrafiia  [Economic aspects of the functioning of private 

peasant farms: monograph]. Kyiv: TOV «Ahrar Media Hrup” [in Ukrainian].

13.  Sabluk, P.T. (2006) Rozvytok silskykh terytorii  –  zaporuka vidrodzhennia ahrarnoi 

Ukrainy [The development of rural areas is a guarantee of the revival of agrarian Ukraine].  Visnyk 

ahrarnoi nauky  –  Bulletin of Agrarian Science  Vol.  5. Pp. 21 -23  [in   Ukrainian].

14.  Iurchyshyn, V.V.  (2003).  Hospodarstva naselennia: problemy maibutnoho

[Households: the problems of the future]. Ekonomika Ukrainy ‒ Ukraine economy. Vol. 9.

Pp. 67-72 [in Ukrainian].

15.  Shpychak, O.M. (2001). Osobysti pidsobni hospodarstva Ukrainy: analiz vytrat 

ta efektyvnosti vyrobnytstva silskohospodarskoi produktsii  [Personal subsidiary farms in 

Ukraine: analysis of costs and efficiency of agricultural production]. Kyiv.  DOD UAAN. 

236 p. [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

051 Economics

071 Accounting and taxation

072 Finance, banking and insurance

073 Management

075 Marketing

076 Business, trade and exchange activities

241 Hotel, restaurant and catering 

281 Public administration

 

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2411-4413
DOI: 10.37128

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” is included in the "List of Scientific Professional Editions of Ukraine". 

The scientific edition is assigned the Category "Б" in the field of economics in specialties 051, 071, 072, 073, 075, 076, 241, 281

(Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine No. 249, March 17, 2020).

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” is indexed in such database as Index Copernicus Value (https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/form)

 

The editorial board of the journal is guided by the principles of scientific, objectivity, professionalism, informational support of the most significant innovative researches, observance of standards of publishing ethics.

The purpose of the journal "Economics, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity» is the coverage of leading scientific ideas in the economic, financial and management activities of the sectors of the national economy and the involvement of representatives of the domestic and foreign scientific professional community.

 

Objectives of the journal:

  • publication of research findings on innovation in the economy, financial and management spheres, innovation of production processes;
  • expanding partnerships with international scientific publishing organizations;
  • enhancing the culture of reviewing and annotating published material;
  • adherence to editorial ethics.

 

Article publishing is a paid service. Cost for printing in professional publications in accordance with the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 27, 2010 No. 796 "On approval of the list of paid services that can be provided by state educational institutions, other institutions of the educational system belonging to state and communal ownership" and the order Rector of the Higher Education University Mazura VA dated March 14, 2018 No. 93 “On setting the cost of printing in professional editions of the University”.

The cost of printing one page in professional editions of the university is 60 UAH.

An additional copy of the magazine with the mailing list costs 250 UAH.

Recipient: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University MFO 820172 Current account No. 31256282102055 Code 00497236 Bank State Treasury Service of Ukraine, Kyiv. VAT payer code 004972302286. Registration number 100271744. Purpose of payment: for printing an article in the journal: ”Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity "

History of journal:

It was founded in 1997 under the name "Bulletin of the Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute". In 2010-2014 he was published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University”.

From 2015 ”Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity” (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21154-10954 of PR as of December 31, 2014)

The journal is the successor to the edition ”Collection of Scientific Papers of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Economic Sciences. "