PROBLEMS OF СOMMERCIALIZATION ON THE SEED MARKET IN UKRAINE
ZAKHARCHUK Oleksandr – Doctor of Economic Sciences, Senior Research Worker, Head of the Department of Investment and Logistics, National Scientific Centre “Institute of Agrarian Economics” (01000, Kyiv, 10, Heroiv Oborony st., e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
MAZUR Kateryna – Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Agrarian Management, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3 Soniachna st., email: email@example.com).
The purpose of the article is to develop scientifically sound proposals for solving the problem of commercial circulation of seeds and planting material and payments for the use of intellectual property in Ukraine.
The analysis of the current state and prospects of seed production in Ukraine is covered. The study found that the further formation and development of domestic breeding and seed production, the entry of domestic varieties in the international market, attracting foreign investment to create a seed industry infrastructure that would meet the world requirements and standards is not possible without the introduction of varietal certification of seeds in Ukraine, membership in Ukraine Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and accession to variety certification schemes. The basis for the development of domestic breeding and seed production is further seen through the introduction of a mechanism for obtaining royalties based on a real reflection of the use of the value of seeds and planting material, and their registration by an independent body of accounting, supervision and control, as well as support for national selection through the use of breeding payments for Farm Saved Seed.
In order to set prices for seeds and planting material of a full-fledged market environment, the calculation of the normative cost, the purchase price for the plant and the selling price of 1 ton of winter wheat seeds have been proposed. Ways of resolving commercial circulation of seeds and planting material and payments for the use of intellectual property are highlighted. Prospective ways to accelerate the development of the organization of the market of seeds and planting material of Ukraine are outlined. The authors' views on the positive experience of using non-conventional and non-conventional seed material in the EU countries are outlined.Solving these problems will
help to establish international cooperation of Ukraine in the field of protection of plant variety rights and commercial marketing of seeds and planting material.
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071 Accounting and taxation
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241 Hotel, restaurant and catering
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