THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUBSIDIARY ENTERPRISES IN THE AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES OF VINNYTSIA REGION DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE 90’S OF THE XX
LEVCHUK Kostyantyn, Doctor of History, Professor, Head of Department of the History of
Ukraine and philosophy, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University (21008, Vinnytsia, 3, Sonyachna str,
The creation of subsidiary enterprises and industries in agricultural enterprises is historically inevitable and economically logical stage of agro-industrial integration. The combination of agricultural production with industrial increases the economic efficiency of management, improves the seasonal use of labour resources, promotes the creation of additional jobs in the countryside, the development of social infrastructure, increasing the production of additional quantities of food products, construction materials, consumer goods.
The main attention in the research of subsidiary production has focused on the present stage of development of agriculture in Ukraine. Insufficient attention is paid to the study of problems and achievements in the development of subsidiary farms in the conditions of socio-economic transformations of the first half of the 90-ies of the XX century.
The basis of the source of the research is the documents of the Department for the development of agriculture and subsidiary production of agriculture and food management in the Vinnytsia region for the years 1992-1996, which are first introduced into scientific circulation.
The need for normative regulation of the formation and functioning of auxiliary industries arose even during the time of the USSR. On June 20, 1973, the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR adopted Resolution No. 280 "On measures for the reconciliation of the activity of subsidiary enterprises and craft industries in agriculture". Prior to the ministries and departments, the task was to ensure the further development of subsidiary enterprises and industries in the collective farms, state farms and other agricultural enterprises (main on the processing and storage of agricultural products, the production of construction materials and consumer goods from local raw materials), so that they contribute more complete and uniform within a year of labour resources and strengthen the economy of farms, development of production.
The article deals with the formation and development of subsidiary enterprises in agricultural enterprises of Vinnytsia region. It was clarified that the reform of the agrarian sector, begun in the early 90's of the twentieth century, the introduction of market-based mechanisms of management took place against the backdrop of aggravation of crisis phenomena in the Ukrainian economy. Hyperinflation, the rapid decline of industrial production, the destruction of economic ties between economic entities of the former USSR negatively affected the development of agricultural production.
It was found that the production activity of households somewhat offset the pace of decline in production in agricultural enterprises. Established that the newly established farms remained small-scale, with a low intensity of production.
Quantitative and qualitative indicators of activity of subsidiary enterprises are considered. In the early 90's of the twentieth century in collective farms, state farms, there were more than three thousand subsidiary enterprises, which replenished the regional market with consumer goods of food and non-food groups. In particular, 430 subsidiary enterprises engaged in the production of building materials. There were 78 brick factories, 10 enterprises for the production of big bricks, 315 quarries for the extraction of non-metallic materials. Processing enterprises produced flour, cereals, oils, sausages, canned fruits and vegetables, mineral water, and others. The average annual number of employees was 18.6 thousand people.
It was found that the monopoly of state enterprises for the processing of agricultural products, the low level of procurement prices, the lateness of settlements with commodity producers and the lack of public procurement forced collective farms to increase their own processing capacity.
Development of subsidiary enterprises in agricultural enterprises of Vinnytsia region during the first half of the 90's. occurred against the backdrop of a decline in agricultural production. Households of the population partially replaced the decline in agricultural production in the region. The farms practically did not receive financial assistance from state structures. In these conditions, subsidiary production and industries performed in addition to traditional, well-known functions, and also special, characteristic of the period of the economic crisis of the 1990s, namely: creating the necessary commodity reserves for barter operations of farms under hyperinflation and providing their workers with almost all food products and some industrial goods.
1. Petrov, V.M. (2018) Dyversyfikatsiia vyrobnychoi diialnosti silskohospodarskykh
pidpryiemstv. [Diversification of production activities of agricultural enterprises]. Visnyk
Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho ahrarnoho universytetu im. V.V. Dokuchaieva. Ekonomichni nauky.
Kharkiv, №1. S. 41-53. [in Ukrainian].
2. Poliarush, M. O., Bilyk, Yu. I. & Homilko, O. V. (2013) Upravlinski zasady rozvytku
pidsobnoho vyrobnytstva v silskohospodarskomu pidpryiemstvi. [Management principles of
development of subsidiary enterprises and crafts in an agricultural enterprises]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats
Podilskoho derzhavnoho ahrarno-tekhnichnoho universytetu, Vyp. 21. S.189-194. [in Ukrainian].
3. Zemko, A. M. (2003) Pravove zabezpechennia orhanizatsii pidsobnykh vyrobnytstv i promysliv
silskohospodarskykh pidpryiemstv: [Legal support of the organization of subsidiary enterprises and crafts of
agricultural enterprises] dys…. kand. yuryd. nauk : 12.00.06. Kharkiv, 188. [in Ukrainian].
4. Pro zakhody po vporyadkuvannyu diyalʹnosti pidsobnykh pidpryyemstv i promysliv u silʹsʹkomu
hospodarstvi. Postanova Rady ministriv URSR vid 20 chervnya 1973 r. [On measures to streamline the
activities of subsidiary enterprises and industries in agriculture. Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the
Ukrainian SSR of June 20, 1973] / URL: https://ips.ligazakon.net /document/ view/kp730280.
5. Valova produktsiia silskoho hospodarstva Ukrainy (u postiinykh tsinakh 2010 r.). Statystychnyi
zbirnyk. 1990-2010. [Gross agricultural output of Ukraine (at constant prices in 2010). Statistical
publication]. 1990-2010. Kyiv: DP «Informatsiino-analitychne ahentstvo», 2012. 48 [in Ukrainian].
6. Dovidky pro stan rozvytku fermerstva v oblasti za 1996-1998 roky. [Statements on the state of
development of farming in the region for 1996-1998]. (Derzh. arkhiv Vinnytskoi oblasti). F.6191. Op.1.
Spr.504. 17. [in Ukrainian].
7. Dokumenty z pytan rozvytku fermerstva ta pidsobnoho vyrobnytstva u silskomu hospodarstvi
oblasti za 1993 rik.(Informatsii, dovidky, tablytsi) [Documents on development of farming and
subsidiary enterprises in the region's agriculture for 1993]. (Derzh. arkhiv Vinnytskoi oblasti). F.6191.
Op.1. Spr.423. 17 [in Ukrainian].
8. Dokumenty z pytan diialnosti pidsobnykh pidpryiemstv ta fermerskykh i osobystykh
hospodarstv hromadian za 1994-1995 roky (Dovidky, informatsii, vystupy) [Documents on the activities
of subsidiary enterprises and farmers' and private households of citizens for 1994-1995]. (Derzh. arkhiv
Vinnytskoi oblasti). F.6191.Op.1. Spr.449. 41 [in Ukrainian].
071 Accounting and taxation
072 Finance, banking and insurance
076 Business, trade and exchange activities
241 Hotel, restaurant and catering
281 Public administration
The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” is included in the "List of Scientific Professional Editions of Ukraine".
The scientific edition is assigned the Category "Б" in the field of economics in specialties 051, 071, 072, 073, 075, 076, 241, 281
The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
The journal “Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practice” is indexed in such database as Index Copernicus Value (https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/search/form)
The editorial board of the journal is guided by the principles of scientific, objectivity, professionalism, informational support of the most significant innovative researches, observance of standards of publishing ethics.
The purpose of the journal "Economics, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity» is the coverage of leading scientific ideas in the economic, financial and management activities of the sectors of the national economy and the involvement of representatives of the domestic and foreign scientific professional community.
Objectives of the journal:
- publication of research findings on innovation in the economy, financial and management spheres, innovation of production processes;
- expanding partnerships with international scientific publishing organizations;
- enhancing the culture of reviewing and annotating published material;
- adherence to editorial ethics.
Article publishing is a paid service. Cost for printing in professional publications in accordance with the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 27, 2010 No. 796 "On approval of the list of paid services that can be provided by state educational institutions, other institutions of the educational system belonging to state and communal ownership" and the order Rector of the Higher Education University Mazura VA dated March 14, 2018 No. 93 “On setting the cost of printing in professional editions of the University”.
The cost of printing one page in professional editions of the university is 60 UAH.
An additional copy of the magazine with the mailing list costs 250 UAH.
Recipient: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University MFO 820172 Current account No. 31256282102055 Code 00497236 Bank State Treasury Service of Ukraine, Kyiv. VAT payer code 004972302286. Registration number 100271744. Purpose of payment: for printing an article in the journal: ”Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity "
It was founded in 1997 under the name "Bulletin of the Vinnytsia State Agricultural Institute". In 2010-2014 he was published under the title “Collection of scientific works of Vinnitsa National Agrarian University”.
From 2015 ”Economy, finances, management: Topical issues of science and practical activity” (Certificate of State Registration of Mass Media No. 21154-10954 of PR as of December 31, 2014)
The journal is the successor to the edition ”Collection of Scientific Papers of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University. Series: Economic Sciences. "